Edexcel ALevel Syllabus 

Further Mechanics Electric and Magnetic Fields Nuclear and Particle Physics Thermodynamics Space Nuclear Radiation Gravity Fields SHM 

In the exam, you are expected to: 

Topic 6  Further Mechanics 

97 
Understand how to use the equation impulse:
(Newton’s second law of motion). 

98 
CORE PRACTICAL 9: Investigate the relationship between the force exerted on an object and its change of momentum. 

99 
Understand how to apply conservation of linear momentum to problems in two dimensions. 

100 
CORE PRACTICAL 10: Use ICT to analyse collisions between small spheres, e.g. ball bearings on a table top. 

101 
Understand how to determine whether a collision is elastic or inelastic. 

102 
Be able to derive and use the equation


103 
Be able to express angular displacement in radians and in degrees, and convert between these units. 

104 
Understand what is meant by angular velocity and be able to use the equations:
and


105 
Be able to use vector diagrams to derive the equations for centripetal acceleration:
and understand how to use these equations. 

106 
Understand that a resultant force (centripetal force) is required to produce and maintain circular motion. 

107 
Be able to use the equations for centripetal force:

(Examples) 
Topic 7  Electric and Magnetic Fields 

108 
Understand that an electric field (force field) is defined as a region where a charged particle experiences a force. 

109 
Understand that electric field strength
is defined as:
and be able to use this equation. 

110 
Be able to use the equation:
for the force between two charges. 

111 
Be able to use the equation
for the electric field due to a point charge. 

112 
Know and understand the relation between electric field and electric potential. 

113 
Be able to use the equation:
for an electric field between parallel plates. 

114 
Be able to use:
for a radial field. 

115 
Be able to draw and interpret diagrams using field lines and equipotentials to describe radial and uniform electric fields 
(Field lines) (Equipotentials) 
116 
Understand that capacitance is defined
as:
and be able to use this equation. 

117 
Be able to use the equation
for the energy stored by a capacitor, be able to derive the equation from the area under a graph of potential difference against charge stored and be able to derive and use the equations:


118 
Be able to draw and interpret charge and discharge curves for resistor capacitor circuits and understand the significance of the time constant RC. 

119 
CORE PRACTICAL 11: Use an oscilloscope or data logger to display and analyse the potential difference (p.d.) across a capacitor as it charges and discharges through a resistor. 

120 
Be able to use the equation:
and derive and use related equations:
for exponential discharge in a resistorcapacitor circuit and the corresponding log equations:


121 
Understand and use the terms magnetic flux density, flux, and flux linkage. 

122 
Be able to use the equation:
and apply Fleming’s lefthand rule to charged particles moving in a magnetic field. 

123 
Be able to use the equation:
and apply Fleming’s lefthand rule to current carrying conductors in a magnetic field. 

124 
Understand the factors affecting the e.m.f. induced in a coil when there is relative motion between the coil and a permanent magnet. 

125 
Understand the factors affecting the e.m.f. induced in a coil when there is a change of current in another coil linked with this coil. 

126 
Understand how to use Lenz’s law to predict the direction of an induced e.m.f., and how the prediction relates to energy conservation. 

127 
Understand how to use Faraday’s law to determine the magnitude of an induced e.m.f. and be able to use the equation that combines Faraday’s and Lenz's laws:


128 
Understand what is meant by the terms frequency, period, peak value and root meansquare value when applied to alternating currents and potential differences. 

129 
Be able to use the equations:


Topic 8  Nuclear and Particle Physics 

130 
Understand what is meant by nucleon number (mass number) and proton number (atomic number). 

131 
Understand how largeangle alpha particle scattering gives evidence for a nuclear model of the atom and how our understanding of atomic structure has changed over time. 

132 
Understand that electrons are released in the process of thermionic emission and how they can be accelerated by electric and magnetic fields. 

133 
Understand the role of electric and magnetic fields in particle accelerators (linac and cyclotron) and detectors (general principles of ionisation and deflection only). 

134 
Be able to derive and use the equation:
for a charged particle in a magnetic field. 

135 
Be able to apply conservation of charge, energy and momentum to interactions between particles and interpret particle tracks. 

136 
Understand why high energies are required to investigate the structure of nucleons. 

137 
Be able to use the equation:
in situations involving the creation and annihilation of matter and antimatter particles 

138 
Be able to use MeV and GeV (energy) and MeV/c^{2}, GeV/c^{2} (mass) and convert between these and SI units. 

139 
Understand situations in which the relativistic increase in particle lifetime is significant (use of relativistic equations not required). 

140 
Know that in the standard quarklepton model particles can be classified as:


141 
Know that every particle has a corresponding antiparticle and be able to use the properties of a particle to deduce the properties of its antiparticle and vice versa. 

142 
Understand how to use laws of conservation of charge, baryon number and lepton number to determine whether a particle interaction is possible. 

143 
Be able to write and interpret particle equations given the relevant particle symbols. 

Topic 9  Thermodynamics 

144 
Be able to use the equations:
and


145 
CORE PRACTICAL 12: Calibrate a thermistor in a potential divider circuit as a thermostat. 

146 
CORE PRACTICAL 13: Determine the specific latent heat of a phase change. 

147 
Understand the concept of internal energy as the random distribution of potential and kinetic energy amongst molecules. 

148 
Understand the concept of absolute zero and how the average kinetic energy of molecules is related to the absolute temperature. (Thermodynamics is discussed more in Thermal Physics 4.) 

149 
Be able to derive and use the equation:
using the kinetic theory model. 

150 
Be able to use the equation:
for an ideal gas. 

151 
CORE PRACTICAL 14: Investigate the relationship between pressure and volume of a gas at fixed temperature. 

152 
Be able to derive and use the equation:


153 
Understand what is meant by a black body radiator and be able to interpret radiation curves for such a radiator. 

154 
Be able to use the StefanBoltzmann law equation:
for black body radiators. 

155 
Be able to use Wien’s law equation:
for black body radiators. 

Topic 10  Space 

156 
Be able to use the equation:
where L is luminosity and d is distance from the source. 

157 
Understand how astronomical distances can be determined using trigonometric parallax. 

158 
Understand how astronomical distances can be determined using measurements of intensity received from standard candles (objects of known luminosity). 

159 
Be able to sketch and interpret a simple HertzsprungRussell diagram that relates stellar luminosity to surface temperature. 

160 
Understand how to relate the HertzsprungRussell diagram to the life cycle of stars. 

161 
Understand how the movement of a source of waves relative to an observer/detector gives rise to a shift in frequency (Doppler effect). 

162 
Be able to use the
equations for redshift:
for objects at cosmological distances. 

163 
understand the controversy over the age and ultimate fate of the universe associated with the value of the Hubble constant and the possible existence of dark matter. 

Topic 11  Nuclear Radiation 

164 
Understand the concept of nuclear binding energy and be able to use the equation:
in calculations of nuclear mass (including mass deficit) and energy. 

165 
Use the atomic mass unit (u) to express small masses and convert between this and SI units 

166 
Understand the processes of nuclear fusion and fission with reference to the binding energy per nucleon curve. 

167 
Understand the mechanism of nuclear fusion and the need for very high densities of matter and very high temperatures to bring about and maintain nuclear fusion. 

168 
Understand that there is background radiation and how to take appropriate account of it in calculations. 

169 
Understand the relationships between the nature, penetration, ionising ability and range in different materials of nuclear radiations (alpha, beta and gamma). 

170 
Be able to write and interpret nuclear equations given the relevant particle symbols. 

171 
CORE PRACTICAL 15: Investigate the absorption of gamma radiation by lead. 

172 
Understand the spontaneous and random nature of nuclear decay. 

173 
be able to determine the halflives of
radioactive isotopes graphically and be able to use the equations
for radioactive decay:
and derive and use the corresponding log equations. 

Topic 12  Gravitational Fields 

174 
Understand that a gravitational field (force field) is defined as a region where a mass experiences a force 

175 
Understand that gravitational field strength is defined as
and be able to use this equation. 

176 
be able to use the equation:
(Newton’s law of universal gravitation) 

177 
Be able to derive and use the equation:
for the gravitational field due to a point mass. 

178 
Be able to use the equation:
for a radial gravitational field. 

179 
Be able to compare electric fields with gravitational fields. 

180 
Be able to apply Newton’s laws of motion and universal gravitation to orbital motion. 

Topic 13  Oscillations 

181 
Understand that the condition for simple harmonic motion is:
and hence understand how to identify situations in which simple harmonic motion will occur 

182 
Be able to use the equations:
and
as applied to a simple harmonic oscillator. 

183 
Be able to use equations for a simple
harmonic oscillator:
and a simple pendulum:


184 
Be able to draw and interpret a displacement–time graph for an object oscillating and know that the gradient at a point gives the velocity at that point. 

185 
Be able to draw and interpret a velocity–time graph for an oscillating object and know that the gradient at a point gives the acceleration at that point. 

186 
Understand what is meant by resonance. 

187 
CORE PRACTICAL 16: Determine the value of an unknown mass using the resonant frequencies of the oscillation of known masses. 

188 
Understand how to apply conservation of energy to damped and undamped oscillating systems 

189 
Understand the distinction between free and forced oscillations. 

190 
Understand how the amplitude of a forced oscillation changes at and around the natural frequency of a system and know, qualitatively, how damping affects resonance 

191 
Understand how damping and the plastic deformation of ductile materials reduce the amplitude of oscillation. 

There are no options 

That's it! 
